Jaurès, Jean

   A leading socialist before World War I, Jaurès acknowledged the value of Marxism but without committing himself to Marxism as such. He embraced class struggle and the goal of socialism, seeking to combine historical materialism with Hegelian idealism. Born in Castres, France, he was both a politician and a scholar. As the former he represented his native region, the Tarn, in the Chamber of Deputies from 1885 to 1887, 1893 to 1898 and 1902 to his murder by a nationalist fanatic aggrieved by his antiwar position in 1914. Jaurès was active in the Second International and in the political grouping that became the French Socialist Party. He founded L’Humanité, which later became the organ of the French Communist Party. As a scholar he produced several books, most notably a history of socialism, Histoire Socialiste, 1789–1900 (1908).

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Jaurès, Jean — ▪ French politician born Sept. 3, 1859, Castres, Fr. died July 31, 1914, Paris  French socialist leader, cofounder of the newspaper L Humanité, and member of the French Chamber of Deputies (1885–89, 1893–98, 1902–14); he achieved the unification… …   Universalium

  • Jaurès, Jean — (1859 1914)    political figure, philosopher, historian Considered a great French patriot and humanitarian, as well as a Socialist leader, Jean Jaurès was born in Castres, Tarn, and became professor of philosophy at Albi, then at the university… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Jaurès,Jean — Jau·rès (zhô rĕsʹ), Jean. 1859 1914. French journalist and leader of the French Socialist Party before World War I. In 1914 he argued for arbitration rather than armed conflict between the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance. Jaurès was… …   Universalium

  • Jaurés, Jean — ► (1859 1914) Político francés. Fue diputado por primera vez en 1885 y pronto llegó a ser el líder del Partido Socialista francés. Fundó L´Humanité (1904), tomó parte activa en el affaire Dreyfus y se distinguió por sus campañas pacifistas.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • JAURÈS, JEAN LÉON° — (1859–1914), French Socialist politician. The dreyfus case brought him to the forefront of the political scene. At first Jaurès sided with the Socialists, who regarded the affair as a phase in the inner struggle of the ruling class. Later,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jaurés — Jaurés, Jean …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jaures — Jean Jaurès Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jaurès. Jean Jaurès Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean JAURÈS — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jaurès. Jean Jaurès Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Jaurès — Jean Léon Jaurès (full name Auguste Marie Joseph Jean Léon Jaurès; 3 September 1859ndash 31 July 1914) was a French Socialist leader. Initially an Opportunist Republican, he evolved into one of the first social democrats, becoming the leader, in… …   Wikipedia

  • Jean Jaures — Jean Jaurès Jean Jaurès …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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